One of the most common skin conditions faced by teens is acne. Once a child hits puberty, they becomes prone to developing acne. Hormonal changes and overactive oil glands produce too much oil and cause acne by clogging up the skin’s pores. This acne shows up as bumps that may be pimples, whiteheads, blackheads, or cysts. Usually, they appear on a teenager’s face. However, this is not the only place where teens get acne.
Types of Acne and Where They Develop
Pustules (Pimples) and Papules
Papules, also known as skin lesions, are raised areas of skin tissue or small bumps on the skin that are inflamed. Papules appear in various shapes, colors, and sizes. Papules form due to excess oil and skin cells clogging skin pores. One of the more common skin conditions teenagers face are pustules, better known as pimples. Pustules are full of pus that is often visible on the surface of the skin.
These often develop on the face, back, chest, and shoulders. They are common areas in the body where pustules and papules form because of sweat build-up from regular physical activities and constant contact with clothing.
Blackheads (Open Comedones)
Blackheads are a type of comedone that occurs when the skin is plugged with dead skin cells and sebum. Also referred to as open comedones, they contain an oxidized form of melanin, which is a dark pigment created by cells in the skin.
Blackheads often form on the face, specifically the nose or forehead. They may develop when you open up the hair follicles, though activities such as shaving. Blackheads may also form on the neck, chest, and back. This is due to heavy sweating from working out, high humidity in the environment, and covering pores from tight clothes.
Whiteheads (Closed Comedones)
Whiteheads are similar to blackheads and may also develop on your chest, shoulder, back, and arms. Whiteheads and blackheads form in the same way, but the pores remain closed. For this reason, whiteheads are also referred to as closed comedones.
Skin cysts are closed pockets of tissue filled with pus and other fluids. This skin condition occurs within the sebaceous gland and causes the gland and area around it to become infected. Cysts may occur or develop anywhere in your body except your hands or the soles of your feet.
Possible Acne Treatments for Teens
Aside from patient education on proper skincare, healthy nutrition, and managing hormones, dermatologists often recommend some of the following acne treatments:
- Over-the-counter topical treatments
- Prescription medication
- Glycolic peels
- Beta lift peels
- Fraxel laser treatments
Acne Treatment Center in Florida
Under the guidance of Dr. Ana M. Duarte, we aim to provide a kid-friendly and family-centered dermatological environment for all our patients. Located in South Florida, the Children’s Skin Center (CSC) uses the latest medications and state-of-the-art-technology to address your skin concerns. Is acne bothering your teen? Visit us today, so we can find a solution together.
Contact us now at (305) 669-6555, or you may also request an appointment online.