Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition affecting about 13% of children in the United States. Eczema is uncomfortable for children and frustrating for their parents and caregivers. However, eczema in children can be managed – and the sooner, the better.
Let’s look at eczema symptoms and the treatments available from your pediatric dermatologist in the Miami and Coral Gables area.
What Is Eczema and Why Does It Happen in Children?
Eczema is a chronic skin condition that originates from the immune system, affecting the top layer, or epidermis, of the skin. A child with eczema has an overactive immune system, which reacts to certain environmental triggers, causing the rash characteristic of this skin problem.
Additionally, many children with periodic eczema episodes also have seasonal allergies (hay fever), food allergies, or asthma – all autoimmune in nature. Typically, the rash develops at times of stress, weather extremes, sweating, or when contacting fabrics, soaps, household cleaners, pollen, dust, etc.
Even viral infections, such as the common cold, can precipitate eczema flare-up. So, eczema triggers and symptoms tend to be highly individualized, and eczema treatments from your pediatric dermatologist will follow suit.
What Are the Symptoms of Eczema in Children?
Babies, toddlers, children, and teens can all suffer from varying degrees of eczema. The typical eczema rash is itchy, red, and bumpy, and with more severe rashes. Sometimes, kids experience an intense burning sensation.
Additionally, eczema is frequently accompanied by:
- Localized pain
- Skin cracking and scaliness
For the youngest of patients, crying, irritability, and disrupted sleep add to the discomforts of eczema.
Most of these rashes appear on the arms and legs, particularly at the elbow creases and backs of the knees. The face – particularly around the mouth – and the scalp may be affected, as well as the upper torso and hands.
How Can Eczema in Children Be Managed?
Eczema treatment begins with an in-office examination by your pediatric dermatologist. The doctor will examine your child’s skin and ask about when rashes appear and what may trigger them. Also, the doctor will inquire about the youngster’s medical history, including asthma and allergies.
The treatment plans for eczema are individually tailored to reduce symptoms and keep skin healthy. Your pediatric dermatologist may advise:
- Topical medications, which may or may not contain corticosteroids for inflammation
- Hydration through drinking plenty of water
- Bathing with tepid water and applying moisturizing cream or ointment (dermatologists call this “soak and seal”)
- Avoiding any known triggers, such as laundry soaps with fragrances and dyes
- In-office UVB light therapy
- New injectable medications
The Children’s Skin Center in Miami and Coral Gables, FL
Is your child suffering from eczema? If so, don’t wait to get an effective treatment plan for your child’s eczema. Our board-certified dermatologists, Dr. Ana Duarte, and Dr. Andleeb Usmani, are here to help your family.
For a consultation at one of our eight locations, call our team today at (305) 669-6555. Alternatively, request your child’s appointment online by filling in our convenient form. We look forward to serving you!